Install and Configure ownCloud on Ubuntu 16.04

Updated by Angel Guarisma Written by Angel Guarisma

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OwnCloud is an open-source, cloud-based, file hosting service you can install on your Linode. OwnCloud offers a quick installation process, works out of the box, and has an extensive library of plugins available. Its cross-platform compatibility means you can access your files from most major operating systems, browsers, and mobile devices.


Before You Begin

  1. Familiarize yourself with our Getting Started guide and complete the steps for setting your Linode’s hostname and timezone.

  2. This guide will use sudo wherever possible. Complete the sections of our Securing Your Server guide to create a standard user account, harden SSH access and remove unnecessary network services.

  3. Install and configure a LAMP stack.

  4. Update your system:

    sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

Install ownCloud

Add the repository key to apt, and install ownCloud:

sudo wget -nv -O Release.key
sudo apt-key add - < Release.key
sudo sh -c "echo 'deb /' > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/owncloud.list"
sudo apt update
sudo apt install owncloud

Configure MySQL

  1. Log in to your MySQL database, and enter your root password:

    mysql -u root -p
  2. Create a new database for ownCloud, and replace strong_password with a new, secure password:

    CREATE USER ownCloud@localhost;
    SET PASSWORD FOR 'ownCloud'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('strong_password');
  3. Assign the new user to the database:

    GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON ownCloud.* to ownCloud@localhost;
  4. Log into MySQL as the newly created user:

    mysql -u ownCloud -p
  5. You can check the current user in MySQL using the SELECT current_user(); command:

    SELECT current_user();

    Which will display something similar to:

    | current_user()     |
    | ownCloud@localhost |
    1 row in set (0.00 sec)

Create an Administrator Account

  1. After ownCloud is installed and MySQL is configured, point your browser to ip_address_or_domain/owncloud (where, ip_address_or_domain is your IP or FQDN) and create an administrator account:

    ownCloud login screen

  2. Click Storage & database and enter the database login information:

    ownCloud database information

    Welcome to ownCloud:

    ownCloud greeting

Install ClamAV and Configure ownCloud

  1. Install ClamAV, an open source antivirus engine which works with ownCloud’s antivirus plugin:

    sudo apt install clamav clamav-daemon

    The clamav package starts a daemon on your system.

  2. Enable the antivirus app in ownCloud. Select Apps from the menu, then Not enabled to find “Antivirus App for files” and click Enable:

    Antivirus app for files

  3. Configure the antivirus mode in ownCloud to reflect the changes to your system:

    Antivirus socket configuration

  4. To add new users and groups, select Users in the dropdown menu in the upper right-hand corner:

    User configuration panel

Secure the System

Now that ownCloud is installed and configured, you should secure your system. The official documentation has a well-written section on hardening your server, which covers everything from using HTTPS, to JavaScript Asset Managing.

More Information

You may wish to consult the following resources for additional information on this topic. While these are provided in the hope that they will be useful, please note that we cannot vouch for the accuracy or timeliness of externally hosted materials.

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This guide is published under a CC BY-ND 4.0 license.