Email with Citadel on Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin)

Select distribution:
Traducciones al Español
Estamos traduciendo nuestros guías y tutoriales al Español. Es posible que usted esté viendo una traducción generada automáticamente. Estamos trabajando con traductores profesionales para verificar las traducciones de nuestro sitio web. Este proyecto es un trabajo en curso.

This guide has been deprecated and is no longer being maintained.

Citadel is a groupware suite that provides system administrators with an easy method to set up and manage email, calendars, mailing lists and other collaboration tools. It also features an automated installation process and versatile deployment options that allow the application to be scaled across multiple servers.

There is a known bug that prevents Citadel from running properly on 32-bit Linodes. Please see the Ubuntu bugtracker for more information.


Before installing Citadel, it is assumed that you have followed our Setting Up and Securing a Compute Instance. If you are new to Linux server administration, you may be interested in our introduction to Linux concepts guide, beginner’s guide and administration basics guide.

This guide also assumes that you wish to run Citadel by itself on this server on port 80 or 443 for browser-based access.

If you intend to install Citadel alongside another web server package such as Apache or nginx, select the “internal” option when asked about web server integration. Be sure to specify unique ports for Citadel such as 8080 for HTTP or 4343 for HTTPS.

Set the Hostname

Before you begin installing and configuring the components described in this guide, please make sure you’ve followed our instructions for setting your hostname. Issue the following commands to make sure it is set properly:

hostname -f

The first command should show your short hostname, and the second should show your fully qualified domain name (FQDN).

Installing Citadel

Issue the following commands to install any outstanding package updates:

apt-get update
apt-get upgrade

Issue the following commands to install the citadel-suite, spamassassin and amavisd-new packages:

apt-get install citadel-suite spamassassin amavisd-new

The installation process will prompt you to answer a couple of questions. Use the answers provided below:

  • Enter for listen address
  • Select Internal for authentication method
  • Specify your admin <username>
  • Enter an admin <password>
  • Select Internal for web server integration
  • Enter 80 for Webcit HTTP port
  • Enter 443 for the Webcit HTTPS port (or enter -1 to disable it)
  • Select your desired language

If you need to reconfigure these options later, you can use the following command:

dpkg-reconfigure citadel-server

To edit the ports later, you will need to edit the file /etc/default/webcit.

Enabling Spamassassin Filtering

Edit the /etc/mailname file to reflect your system’s domain name:

File: /etc/mailname

You’ll need to edit the SpamAssassin configuration file to enable spamd:

File: /etc/default/spamassassin
# Change to one to enable spamd

Start the spamassassin service as follows:

/etc/init.d/spamassassin start

Please note that you’ll finish enabling SpamAssassin support within Citadel later in the “Notes” section.

Running Citadel

Customize the login banner for your Citadel server by editing the relevant file:

File: /etc/citadel/messages/hello
Citadel Groupware Server Login

Use the following startup script to initialize Citadel.

/etc/init.d/citadel restart

Visit the web interface in your Web browser. Using our preceding example, the Web address to visit would look like:

The SSL certificate for your Citadel web interface will be self-signed; accept it to continue. If you don’t get a login page in your web browser, you may need to start “webcit” with the following command:

webcit -d

Notes for Running Citadel

At this point, your email system should be fully functional and can be configured through the Webcit interface. When you log in for the first time as “Administrator”, you will not need a password. However, it is recommended that you set a password as soon as possible under the “Advanced” tab.

To finish enabling SpamAssassin support, select “Administration” in the control panel. Next, click “Domain names and Internet mail configuration”. Enter “” in the box for the SpamAssassin host.

Lost Password Recovery

If you lose the password to your administrator account, re-run the setup as follows:

dpkg-reconfigure citadel-server

Specify a different name for the admin user and restart Citadel as follows:

/etc/init.d/citadel restart

You should be able to log in as the new admin user with no password. You may then reset the password for your original administrator account. After this is done, log back in as the original administrator and delete the temporary admin account.

More Information

You may wish to consult the following resources for additional information on this topic. While these are provided in the hope that they will be useful, please note that we cannot vouch for the accuracy or timeliness of externally hosted materials.

This page was originally published on

Your Feedback Is Important

Let us know if this guide was helpful to you.

Join the conversation.
Read other comments or post your own below. Comments must be respectful, constructive, and relevant to the topic of the guide. Do not post external links or advertisements. Before posting, consider if your comment would be better addressed by contacting our Support team or asking on our Community Site.
The Disqus commenting system for Linode Docs requires the acceptance of Functional Cookies, which allow us to analyze site usage so we can measure and improve performance. To view and create comments for this article, please update your Cookie Preferences on this website and refresh this web page. Please note: You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser.