How to Configure OpenVPN Access Server to Tunnel Traffic
Updated by Nick Brewer Contributed by Neal Sebastian
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VPN tunneling is a method of forwarding internet traffic through your VPN connection. This is useful if you want to evade censorship, IP geolocation, or a firewall on your local network.
OpenVPN is a popular software for creating VPN tunnels. It has two versions, Community Edition and Access Server. The Access Server is full featured and has a free license for two concurrent users. This guide details the process for configuring OpenVPN Access Server to tunnel all of your internet traffic.
Before You Begin
Familiarize yourself with the Getting Started guide.
Follow the Securing Your Server guide. OpenVPN Access Server creates its own firewall rules, so the steps for configuring a firewall should be skipped for now. Once you’ve configured OpenVPN, you can apply additional firewall rules as needed.
Install OpenVPN Access Server using the Secure Communications with OpenVPN Access Server guide.
Set Up OpenVPN Access Server for Tunneling
To configure OpenVPN for tunneling, you’ll first need to log in to the Access Server Admin UI and navigate to the VPN Settings page.
In the Routing section, ensure that the option “Should client Internet traffic be routed through the VPN?” is set to Yes.
The option “Should VPN clients have access to private subnets (non-public networks on the server side)?” can be set to No, since you are using the VPN to mask internet traffic. If you wish to give VPN users access to services listening on your Linode’s local network, set this option to Yes, using NAT.
To avoid DNS leaking, modify the DNS resolver settings. Under DNS Settings, select Have clients use the same DNS servers as the Access Server host.
Alternatively, you can manually set the DNS resolvers that will be used by your VPN client machines, under Have clients use these DNS servers. This will require that you add both a primary and secondary server. Some popular public DNS servers to consider include:
- Open DNS (primary: 188.8.131.52, secondary: 184.108.40.206)
- Google Public DNS (primary: 220.127.116.11, secondary: 18.104.22.168)
Once you’ve applied your changes, press Save Settings. You will be prompted to Update Running Server to push your new configuration to the OpenVPN server.
Enable IP Forwarding
To connect additional private network devices behind your client machine and have their traffic forwarded through the VPN, you must first enable IP Forwarding. IP forwarding can be enabled by running these commands on your Linode, in order:
echo 'net.ipv4.ip_forward=1' | sudo tee -a /etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf sudo sysctl -p
The first command enables traffic forwarding over IPv4 in your system configuration. The second command applies the change.
Once forwarding is enabled, restart OpenVPN by clicking on the Stop the Server, then Start the Server buttons under the Status Overview section in the Access Server Admin UI:
Because OpenVPN does not support transfer over IPv4 and IPv6 simultaneously, you should follow our steps for disabling IPv6, unless you have a specific reason not to do so.
Test and Troubleshoot
Once you’ve connected your client, you can use a website such as WhatIsMyIP.com to confirm that your traffic is routing through the VPN server’s address. You can also use DNSLeakTest.com to ensure that your VPN connection is using the resolvers specified by your OpenVPN server to prevent leaking of your actual location via your ISP’s resolvers.
If you are connected to the VPN, but unable to browse the Internet, check the OpenVPN log located at
/var/log/openvpnas.log. If you see entries similar to the following:
2016-03-28 16:59:05+0800 [-] OVPN 11 OUT: 'Mon Mar 28 08:59:05 2016 guest/22.214.171.124:55385 Bad compression stub decompression header byte: 251'
This is likely an issue related to client compression. To resolve this, disable support for client compression from the Advanced VPN section in the Admin UI, by unchecking Support compression on client VPN connections:
- Install OpenVPN Access Server on Linux for Secure Communications
- Secure Communications with OpenVPN on Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise) and Debian 7 - Deprecated
- Secure Communications with OpenVPN on Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick) - Deprecated
- Secure Communications with OpenVPN on Ubuntu 10.04 (Lucid) - Deprecated
- Secure Communications with OpenVPN on CentOS 6
This guide is published under a CC BY-ND 4.0 license.