Guides - Backend Nodes (Compute Instances)
Managed cloud-based load balancing service that provides high availability and horizontal scaling to any application.
Load balancers work by distributing traffic to a pool of servers. For NodeBalancers, these servers are Linode Compute Instances and they are configured as backend nodes. Each Compute Instance operating as a backend node needs to be located within the same data center as the NodeBalancer and be assigned a private IPv4 address. See Managing IP addresses for instructions on adding a private IP address to an existing Compute Instance.
NoteWhile only a single backend node is required, at least two backends need to be configured to make use of load balancing functionality.
Add, Edit, and Remove Backend Nodes
Backends nodes can be defined through a NodeBalancer’s Configurations, which contain all the settings and parameters for a particular inbound port.
Navigate to the Configurations tab. This displays a list of all ports that have been configured.
Open the port configuration you wish to edit or create a new one by clicking the Add Another Configuration button.
Scroll down to the Backend Nodes section to see a list of backends that have already been added.
- Adjust any of the existing fields to edit the backend.
- Click the Add a Node button to add a new backend.
- Click the Remove link to remove the backend.
Click the Save button to save the configuration.
NoteRemoving a backend from the NodeBalancer configuration does not delete the associated Compute Instance. It only removes that instance from operating as a backend for this particular NodeBalancer.
Backend Configuration Options
Each backend node contains the following configuration parameters.
- Label: Sets a label to identify the backend. While any label can be used, it’s common to use the label of the associated Compute Instance.
- IP Address: Select the private IPv4 address of the Compute Instance you wish to use as the backend. This field has a dropdown list of all Compute Instances within the same region as the Node Balancer that have a private IPv4 address assigned.
- Port: Identifies the port that the NodeBalancer should use when sending traffic to the backend. This should be the port that the application is listening on within this backend Compute Instance.
- Weight: Sets the priority of the backend. Backends with a higher weight are allocated more connections than backends with a lower weight.
- Mode: Determines if the backend accepts or rejects traffic and in what circumstances. See Mode.
By default, all backends are allocated traffic according to the configuration settings of the NodeBalancer, provided the backends have a status of up. To change this behavior, use the Mode setting to modify how a backend accepts or rejects traffic.
- Accept: Accept incoming connections
- Reject: Reject new incoming connections and discontinue health checks on this backend. Existing connections remain active, but session stickiness is not respected. Useful for taking the backend out of rotation to perform maintenance or decommission it.
- Drain: Only accept connections from clients whose session stickiness points to this backend. Use in advance of taking a backend out of rotation for maintenance or decommissioning to gradually drain connections.
- Backup: Only accept connections if all other backends are down. Useful if you use frontend caching servers, such as Varnish, and want to direct traffic to the origin servers if the caching servers are down.
NoteChanges made to the Mode field are applied within 60 seconds.
Understand the Status of a Backend Node
Each backend node has a status of up or down.
- Up: The backend is healthy and should be kept in rotation, provided that the Mode is allowing traffic.
- Down: The backend is unhealthy and taken out of rotation. This means that a health check has failed or the Mode has been set to Reject.
Configure Compute Instances
When adding a Compute Instance as a Backend Node to a NodeBalancer, you must also ensure that it has been properly configured for your application. As part of this, review the following:
Install all required software on the Compute Instance.
Verify that any required data has been properly replicated on each Compute Instance. There are many different methods of ensuring data is properly replicated between multiple servers, including rsync, Gluster, Galera, or CI/CD tooling.
Verify that each instance accepts traffic over the port specified in the backend’s configuration and is not blocking addresses from the NodeBalancer’s private IP address range:
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