Guides - Using Proxy Protocol with NodeBalancers
Managed cloud-based load balancing service that provides high availability and horizontal scaling to any application.
When a Linode NodeBalancer passes a request from a client to a backend Node, information regarding the original client is not included by default. While this is fine for many environments, your applications may require original client information such as IP address or port. For these cases, Linode NodeBalancers support Proxy Protocol for TCP connections so that you can pass client information to backend Nodes.
What is Proxy Protocol
Proxy Protocol is an internet protocol for various high availability and load balancing solutions to carry information about a client directly to backend servers.
When selecting TCP as your NodeBalancer protocol, you can enable Proxy Protocol to add a header containing client information to backend Nodes.
Backend Nodes must also have Proxy Protocol enabled on supported applications to receive the client information header.
Additional configuration options may need to be enabled on the application or service to accommodate traffic between the node and the NodeBalancer, including allowing IPv6 and/or IPv4 traffic, and enabling traffic on all necessary ports.
Currently, there are two available versions of Proxy Protocol, v1 and v2:
v1: Proxy Protocol v1 adds a human readable string to all requests, similar to the following:
PROXY TCP4 192.0.2.0 203.0.113.0 56147 80
The syntax for this output is as follows:
PROXY, PROTOCOL, CLIENT_IP, NODEBALANCER_IP, CLIENT ORIGIN PORT, NODEBALANCER PORT
v2: Proxy Protocol v2 adds a more efficient binary data header to all requests, similar to the following:
More information on v1 and v2 is available in the Proxy Protocol Specification.
Configure Proxy Protocol
In order to make use of Proxy Protocol, it needs to be configured on the NodeBalancer as well as each backend node Compute Instance.
Configure the NodeBalancer
To enable Proxy Protocol for your NodeBalancer, follow the instructions below.
Navigate to the Configurations tab and open the port configuration you wish to edit.
Ensure that the Protocol option is set to TCP, which makes the Proxy Protocol dropdown menu appear. Select the desired Proxy Protocol version.
Click the Save button on the bottom of the page to Save your changes.
Configure the Backend Nodes
Once Proxy Protocol is configured for your NodeBalancer, ensure that it is also enabled for the receiving software on your backend Nodes. You can find a list of compatible software in the Proxy Protocol documentation. Here are links to guidance for enabling Proxy Protocol for common software:
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