Hardened CentOS 7 / Fedora 24

by mbeach
98 deployments · 62 still active · last rev. 8 months ago

This StackScript hardens a fresh CentOS 7 / Fedora 24 deployment by automating the steps outlined in the Securing Your Server guide, here: https://www.linode.com/docs/security/securing-your-server

You should pre-generate an SSH key on your local computer. All inputs for this StackScript are required.

This script configures FirewallD as the firewall and places eth0 in the public zone. For information on opening additional ports, see:

Compatible with: CentOS 7
#<UDF name="ssuser" Label="Sudo user username?" example="username" />
#<UDF name="sspassword" Label="Sudo user password?" example="strongPassword" />
#<UDF name="sspubkey" Label="SSH pubkey (installed for root and sudo user)?" example="ssh-rsa ..." />
# Works for CentOS 7

if [[ ! $SSUSER ]]; then read -p "Sudo user username?" SSUSER; fi
if [[ ! $SSPASSWORD ]]; then read -p "Sudo user password?" SSPASSWORD; fi
if [[ ! $SSPUBKEY ]]; then read -p "SSH pubkey (installed for root and sudo user)?" SSPUBKEY; fi

# set up sudo user
echo Setting sudo user: $SSUSER...
useradd $SSUSER && echo $SSPASSWORD | passwd $SSUSER --stdin
usermod -aG wheel $SSUSER
echo ...done
# sudo user complete

# set up ssh pubkey
# for x in... loop doesn't work here, sadly
echo Setting up ssh pubkeys...
mkdir -p /root/.ssh
mkdir -p /home/$SSUSER/.ssh
echo "$SSPUBKEY" > /root/.ssh/authorized_keys
echo "$SSPUBKEY" > /home/$SSUSER/.ssh/authorized_keys
chmod -R 700 /root/.ssh
chmod -R 700 /home/${SSUSER}/.ssh
chown -R ${SSUSER}:${SSUSER} /home/${SSUSER}/.ssh
echo ...done

# disable password and root over ssh
echo Disabling passwords and root login over ssh...
sed -i -e "s/PermitRootLogin yes/PermitRootLogin no/" /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i -e "s/#PermitRootLogin no/PermitRootLogin no/" /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i -e "s/PasswordAuthentication yes/PasswordAuthentication no/" /etc/ssh/sshd_config
sed -i -e "s/#PasswordAuthentication no/PasswordAuthentication no/" /etc/ssh/sshd_config
echo Restarting sshd...
systemctl restart sshd
echo ...done

#remove unneeded services
echo Removing unneeded services...
yum remove -y avahi chrony
echo ...done

# Initial needfuls
yum update -y
yum upgrade -y
yum install -y epel-release
yum upgrade -y

# Set up automatic  updates
echo Setting up automatic updates...
yum install -y yum-cron
sed -i -e "s/apply_updates = no/apply_updates = yes/" /etc/yum/yum-cron.conf
echo ...done
# auto-updates complete

#set up fail2ban
echo Setting up fail2ban...
yum install -y fail2ban
cd /etc/fail2ban
cp fail2ban.conf fail2ban.local
cp jail.conf jail.local
sed -i -e "s/backend = auto/backend = systemd/" /etc/fail2ban/jail.local
systemctl enable fail2ban
systemctl start fail2ban
echo ...done

# set up firewalld
echo Setting up firewalld...
systemctl start firewalld
systemctl enable firewalld
# Use public zone
firewall-cmd --set-default-zone=public
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-interface=eth0
firewall-cmd --reload
echo ...done
# Set up distro kernel and grub
yum install -y kernel grub2
sed -i -e "s/GRUB_TIMEOUT=5/GRUB_TIMEOUT=10/" /etc/default/grub
sed -i -e "s/crashkernel=auto rhgb console=ttyS0,19200n8/console=ttyS0,19200n8/" /etc/default/grub
mkdir /boot/grub
grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

# ensure ntp is installed and running
yum install -y ntp
systemctl enable ntpd
systemctl start ntpd

echo All finished! Rebooting...
(sleep 5; reboot) &