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BlogLinodeVulnerabilidades da CPU MDS (ZombieLoad) da Intel e Linode

Vulnerabilidades da CPU MDS (ZombieLoad) da Intel e Linode

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Esta semana a Intel divulgou publicamente um grupo de vulnerabilidades de processador conhecido como Amostragem de dados microarquitetônicos (MDS)também referido como "ZombieLoad". O MDS afeta sistemas que hospedam máquinas virtuais de vários domínios de segurança e/ou nos quais o proprietário do sistema não confia totalmente, o que inclui a infraestrutura da Linode e os próprios Linodes. Este guia tem informações adicionais detalhadas sobre estas vulnerabilidades, bem como a sua mitigação.

Começámos os esforços de mitigação e antecipamos a mitigação total da nossa frota nas próximas semanas. Estes esforços de mitigação podem exigir a interrupção dos seus sistemas em funcionamento, mas comunicaremos claramente qualquer manutenção ou coordenação agendada exigida pelos nossos clientes através de ticket de Suporte.

Para resolver estas vulnerabilidades do seu lado, lançámos um novo kernel (5.1.2) com mitigações em vigor, por isso certifique-se de seleccionar este kernel no perfil de configuração do seu Linode, e depois reinicie. Se estiver a utilizar um kernel fornecido pela distribuição, necessitará de actualize o seu núcleo em conformidade. Como sempre, também deve assegurar-se de que o seu Linode é actualizado e assegurado.

Manter-vos-emos aqui actualizados nas próximas semanas à medida que prosseguirmos com os nossos esforços de mitigação.


Comentários (13)

  1. Is the “Latest 64-bit” Kernel going to be sufficient or do all servers need to be using the 5.x kernel?

    • Hey, Jim. At the moment, the “Latest 64-bit” kernel is not patched for MDS — we’ve delayed changes due to a kernel bug involving inaccurate ‘uptime’ reports. We instead recommend booting into 5.1.2-x86_64-linode124 for 64-bit systems, or 5.1.2-x86-linode144 for 32-bit systems. Once the kernel bug has been completely resolved, you could then switch back to the “Latest”.

  2. Linode offer two 5.1.2 kernels. One is 5.1.2-x86-linode144 and caused kernel panic on Debian 9. 5.1.2-x86_64-linode124 works. Thanks to support for guiding me to this point. It should be added to the post here.

    • Hi there, John. The 5.1.2-x86-linode144 kernel is designed for 32-bit systems. It will not work properly on 64-bit systems. For 64-bit systems you will want to use the 5.1.2-x86_64-linode124 kernel. For all 64-bit systems you will want to look for the kernels that include “_64” in the title.

  3. Any particular reason for the “latest-kernel” to stuck at 4.18.6 ?

  4. Benjamin A Blouin

    Update?

  5. طراحی سایت

    Great and useful post, Thanks for sharing
    Bookmarking the blog for future reference.

  6. What is the expected performance impact of the mitigation?

    • Viktor: We don’t anticipate performance impacts coming from ZombieLoad mitigation. However, disabling HyperThreading as part of our mitigation strategy for speculative operation vulnerabilities poses a clear challenge regarding performance, so accordingly we’ve been working to minimize its impact on our platform. (You can find more discussion on HyperThreading here.)

      If you’re seeing degraded performance on any of your Linodes, please reach out to us so we can help investigate and find a solution.

  7. Can we use the new kernel for Debian 7 machines?

    • Hi Mike – Yes. No issues with our latest kernel and Debian 7. I’d recommend reading through our Reboot Survival guide, though, if it’s been awhile since you’ve needed to reboot some of your machines:

      > https://www.linode.com/docs/guides/reboot-survival-guide/

      If you’ve regularly kept your server up to date, issued reboots periodically and have always used the latest kernel, you’re more likely to be okay if you continue to use it. Having a restore plan in place in the event anything goes wrong is always recommended, though, since there are a lot of variables at play.

  8. Other posts mentioned a live-migration capability now. That doesn’t work for host updates?
    Are you moving towards the only needed reboots to be for upgrade/downgrades and updating our kernel?

    • Hi Avi – Technically speaking, for small scale host updates, live migrations would work. Though since CPU vulnerability mitigation is a much larger effort, it’s logistically more efficient to cold migrate servers to patched hosts, or apply the needed patches during the maintenance window. As for your second question:

      > Are you moving towards the only needed reboots to be for upgrade/downgrades and updating our kernel?

      Yes, though this is a long term effort, and I don’t have anything immediate to share regarding an ETA.

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