How do I get postfix to send mail on a VPN tunnel?
Running postfix 3.4.14 on Debian. I'm using the smtp_bind_address parameter in master.cf to tell postfix to bind on a VPN tunnel interface, labeled "tun45", that has IP address 10.8.0.8.
The daemons successfully bind in "listen" mode to this interface:
`# netstat -ntlp|grep master
tcp 0 0 10.8.0.8:587 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 3172/master
tcp 0 0 10.8.0.8:465 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 3172/master
tcp 0 0 10.8.0.8:25 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 3172/master`
But when postfix sends outbound mail, it does not use this interface. The traffic goes out the default interface on the host, which is device enp1s0, with a 192.168 IP.
Has anyone been able to get Postfix to successfully send mail over a VPN tunnel that is not the default route on their host? It's starting to look to me as if the smtp_bind_address parameter does not work correctly for outbound connections if the specified interface is not a typical "device," but rather something else, like a tunnel in this case.
Btw, I do have routes in place to ensure that traffic from source IP 10.8.0.8 goes out the tunnel:
`# ip route get 188.8.131.52 from 10.8.0.8
184.108.40.206 from 10.8.0.8 dev tun45 table t1 uid 0
And other applications, such as netcat, will direct their traffic through this tunnel properly when told to do so. In the example below, I'm connecting to a foreign SMTP server over the same interface, using nc:
`# nc -s 10.8.0.8 220.127.116.11 25
220 mx-asp.jvlicenses.com ESMTP Postfix
221 2.0.0 Bye`
But postfix doesn't seem to do this properly.
Master.cf file looks like this (sample entry):
`10.8.0.8:submission inet n - y - - smtpd -v
Anyone can spot what I'm missing?
When researching this topic I wasn't able to find much information. There is a post from a Postfix forum that you may find helpful. The post includes a few suggestions from users that advise to check the
inet_interfaces parameter in the
main.cf file, as well as defining a
relayhost within that file. I've also included a link to the official documentation for Postfix Configuration Parameters:
I hope this information will help get you pointed in the right direction!