Need help understanding the MYSQL config files and optimization

I'm following the guide to hosting a website on Linode. When I got to installing MYSQL it told me to go to /etc/mysql/my.cnf to edit the config files. However when I go to that file and open it all I get is this text.

  GNU nano 2.5.3           File: /etc/mysql/my.cnf                              

# For explanations see

# * IMPORTANT: Additional settings that can override those from this file!
#   The files must end with '.cnf', otherwise they'll be ignored.

!includedir /etc/mysql/conf.d/
!includedir /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/

I assume that that means I should edit the file in /etc/mysql/conf.d so I go there and open up mysqld.cnf because that's the only one I can find that has actual values in it. I edit the values to the ones posted in the guide but I'm not sure if my settings are going through. When I logged into MYSQL and typed "SHOW VARIABLES" it said that the max connections was set to 151 when I clearly set it at 75. Why is that? I wish I could give you more info but I'm also trying to figure out how I can maybe dump the settings into a text file to analyze them better. I'm really new to this and don't quite understand it.

Also I'm kind of noticing that a lot of the linode documentation is outdated. It seems to be centered around Ubuntu 14.04 and an older version of MYSQL. Is there any chance of that changing soon?

1 Reply

CentOS uses mariadb by default, which uses the following paths:

/etc/my.cnf (which points to the my.cnf.d directory, below)




With all the relevant options going to /etc/my.cnf.d/server.cnf.

My suggestion, is to ignore those guides and use something more…. "lively" :) like the mysqltunner script, which can give you real suggestions based on your system usage.


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